The Knight's Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of military valour. Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht : the Heer armythe Kriegsmarine navy and the Luftwaffe air Forceas well as the Waffen-SSthe Reichsarbeitsdienst RAD—Reich Labour Service and the Volkssturm German national militiaalong with personnel from other Axis powers.
The award was instituted on 1 Septemberat the onset of the German invasion of Poland. A higher grade, the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross, was instituted in Over 7, awards were made during the course of the war. The design was a silver-framed cast iron cross on 13 March The Prussian state had mounted a campaign steeped in patriotic rhetoric to rally their citizens to repulse the French occupation.
The award was reinstituted for the wars in and The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, without distinction, was awarded to officers and soldiers alike, conforming with the National Socialist slogan: "One people, one nation, one leader". Analysis of the German Federal Archives revealed evidence for 7, officially bestowed recipients. The renewal for the first time had created an honorary sign of the entire German state.
As the war progressed four additional years, leaders had to distinguish those who had already won the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross or one of the higher grades and who continued to show merit in combat bravery or military success. The Knight's Cross was eventually awarded in five grades:. Its appearance was very similar to the Iron Cross. In May the number of presentations peaked.
Like the Knight's Cross to which it was added, the Oak Leaves clasp could be awarded for leadership, distinguished service or personal gallantry. The clasp was drilled out to accept the diamonds. However three individuals never received a set of Diamonds.
FAKE & GENUINE 1957 GERMAN MILITARY MEDALS BADGES
Hans-Joachim Marseillethe fourth recipient, was killed in an aircraft crash prior to its presentation. The deteriorating situation and the end of the war prevented its presentation to Karl Maussthe 26th recipient and Dietrich von Sauckenthe 27th and final recipient.All rights reserved.
Cross Series View as: Line Box. Instituted September 7th and awarded for achievements that served the rebuilding of the country in the fields of political, socio-economic and intellectual activity, and is intended to Read and See More. The case is constructed out of a wood and pressed cardboard base that is covered in simulated grained black leather Lederimitat. To the front is a gilded round steel, spring loaded closure button. To the back is gilded steel, staggered, piano hinge.
To the very top is Issue case constructed of thick cardstock covered with Knights Cross with Oak Leaves. This is the one award every collector aspires to have and is perhaps the most desired of all! The Knights Cross is constructed out of a die struck, three-piece construction. Ribbon for a Knights Cross of the Iron Cross.
Halsband zum Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes It is constructed out of machine embroidered, black, white and red rayon.
It features a dominant central red center with two narrow white then black outer edge stripes. It measures roughly 45mm wide by 57cm long, full length is approximately 72cm.
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All Rights Reserved. My Account Favourites  My Cart . Browse Categories. Louis  Order of Academic Palms  Other. Hubert  Order of St. George  Order of St. Anna  Other Bavarian Orders.
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Louis  Order of Academic Palms  Other. Hubert  Order of St. George  Order of St. Anna  Other Bavarian Orders. Vladimir  Order of St. Anne  Order of St.The year of brought an absolute destruction to Germany and especially to the industrial military medal making center in Berlin, Hamburg and Dresden.
Germans needed food, houses, clothes - the last thing they needed were medals and badges. The West German government passed a new federal law in that specific Third Reich orders were now permitted for wear without the Swastika.
These are known as " German Award Pieces " these awards are official and genuine and are now becoming quite collectable. The Gesetz ueberTitel, Orden und Ehrenzeichen "Law of Titles, Orders and Honours"is a federal law of Germany detailing the treatment and handling procedures for civilian and military decorations.
The laws was put into affect on July 26, The law outlines numerous stipulations and rulings for previously conferred medals and military decorations. Inpractice the law conforms to German criminal code, particularly 86a, which forbids distribution or public display of Nazi symbolism without historical academic cause.
Medals from to may only be worn if the National Socialist symbol are removed Swastika, SS runes, etc Section 6 paragraph 2 specifically reiterates that medals with National Socialist emblems may not be worn.
They may not be produced, offered, inventoried, sold or used in commerce in any form. I must add a note here, this part of not being allowed to sell decorations with a Nazi Swastika no longer applies as every military dealer in Germany today is selling original Third Reich Decorations, I should know as I buy only from German dealers. Luedenscheid is situated between the cities Dortmund and Bonn. It was here that one of the youngest medal firms was founded in by August Steinhauer and Gustav Adolf Lueck.
The first production began in a cellar, the customer base continued to increase. A property was bought at 51 Hochstrasse which is still home for this famous company today. In this company was awarded the contract to produce all the newly re-designed legal WW2 de-nazified decorations, plus the contract to manufacture all of Germany's official decorations including Germany's highest order the Bundesverdienstkreuz.
Only certain wartime medals may be worn in the new form de-nazified and a list is available showing samples of the new style. There are two types of what are classed as original WW2 version decorations.
Early examples had frames stamped from the same dies as those used during WW2. And are found with an "" silver content mark on the reverse of the frame. At first when this new law was passed most of the WW2 veteran's now serving Deutschland in uniform again simply wore their Third Reich Knights Crosses with only the reverse plain side showing, or more commonly as a medal bar attachment. Other badges they simply filed the Swastika from their decorations.
Finding a late 's to early 's TYPE 1 Knights Cross or Iron Cross is well worth the effort as they are classed as very rare and highly prize by collector's. TYPE 1 pieces are the most highly prized by collector's worldwide as they have the highest collector's value as they are becoming extremely hard to find these days.
The Chinese never really got into making German medals and badges, as they mainly concentrated on making Third Reich copies. One dealer in the USA and another in Canada do however sell a cheaply made Chinese copy of the Knights Cross, very easy to detect as it is of a very poor quality and only of a one piece construction and they actually tell you that it is a copy.
One of the best fake Knights Crosses we have seen and is made from the correct 3 piece construction is made in Germany hallmarked makers marked Fa-St.
As a collector, you should always strive to find the rarer early TYPE 1 pieces. Measuring 64mm x The most common copy of this cross that is sold on eBay is made in Germany of an incorrect one piece or only of two part construction, as the correct 6 Part war time construction with the original 4 Dome Rivets is way to complicated and expensive to manufacture. Previous Next. Recent Posts. We Accept. We provide secured payments processed through.The Knight's Cross was the highest award made by Nazi Germany to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or outstanding military leadership during World War II.
He was granted it as a result of his services in building up the Luftwaffe the German air forceand for serving as its commander-in-chief. The Knight's Cross was therefore functionally the highest order that German soldiers of all rank could obtain. The Knight's Cross grade of the Iron Cross was worn at the neck and was slightly larger but similar in appearance to the Iron Cross.
It was legally based on the 1 September renewal of the Iron Cross. The order could be presented to German soldiers of all ranks and to the allies of the Third Reich. As the war progressed, some of the recipients distinguished themselves further, and a higher grade, the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaubwas instituted in Intwo higher grades of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves were instituted.
The last legal presentation of the Knight's Cross, in any of its grades, had to be made before Central European Time 8 Maythe time when the German surrender became effective. A number of presentations were made after this date, the last on 17 June These late presentations are considered de facto but not de jure awards.
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Tags: germanwwiiknightcrosstheiron3-piecemedals. Wound Badge German: Verwundetenabzeichen in Black. Hans Wilhelm Langsdorff's Ribbon Bar. SS Skull Lt-Col. SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Collar Tabs.The law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War II—era decorations except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region.
The first production began in a cellar, the customer base continued to increase. A property was bought at 51 Hochstrasse which is still home for this famous company today. In this company was awarded the contract to produce all the newly re-designed legal WW2 de-nazified decorations, plus the contract to manufacture all of Germany's official decorations including Germany's highest order the Bundesverdienstkreuz. Iron Cross - Knights Cross pattern: There are two types of what are classed as original WW2 version decorations.
Early examples had frames stamped from the same dies as those used during WW2. And are found with an "" silver content mark on the reverse of the frame. At first when this new law was passed most of the WW2 veteran's now serving Deutschland in uniform again simply wore their Third Reich Knights Crosses with only the reverse plain side showing, or more commonly as a medal bar attachment.
Other badges they simply filed the Swastika from their decorations. The Iron Cross was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. The Iron Cross was also used as the symbol of the German Army from towhen it was replaced by a simpler Greek cross. Inthe Iron Cross became the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the German armed forces.
The traditional design is black and this design is used on armored vehicles and aircraft. A newer design in blue and silver is used as the emblem in other contexts. It was designed by the neoclassical architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel and reflects the cross borne by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century. The ribbon for theand Iron Cross 2nd Class was black with two thin white bands, the colours of Prussia. The noncombatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colours on the ribbon were reversed.
Initially the Iron Cross was worn with the blank side out. This did not change until when the sprig facing could be presented. Since the Iron Cross was issued over several different periods of German history, it was annotated with the year indicating the era in which it was issued.
The reverse of theand series of Iron Crosses have the year "" appearing on the lower arm, symbolizing the year the award was created. The final version shows a swastika. It was also possible for a holder of the Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the Iron Cross. In such cases, a " Clasp" Spange would be worn on the original Iron Cross.
A similar award was made in but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the Iron Cross. For the First Class award the Spange appears as an eagle with the date "" that was pinned above the Cross.
Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together.Recipients had to have the lower grade of the award before getting the next level. The War Merit Cross 2nd Class with Swords was presented to Military Personnel for bravery not necessarily in the face of the enemy, and in reality there was a gray area in which individuals received the medal when perhaps the non-combatant grade would have been appropriate.
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
A total of 6, were issued. By the end of the war the War Merit Cross was issued in four degrees and had a related civil decoration. It was reissued in by the Bundeswehr in a de-Nazified version for veterans. The medal consists of a bronze plated Maltese Cross. The obverse has pebbled arms, with a central wreathed mobile swastika and crossed swords piercing the centrepiece.
The reverse has a block hinge and a banjo-style pinback. The War Merit Cross measures It was constructed from a wide range of materials, from zinc with a bronzed wash to a few very rare bronze pieces. As the war progressed, the quality of the materials decreased, and as a result late war crosses lose their bronze wash with the passing of time, yielding a gray appearance.
The ribbon for the War Merit Medal was similar, but with a narrow vertical red strip in the center of the black field.REAL Knights Cross, extremely RARE German badges! How to check originality? Sascha Ulderup interview
The War Merit Cross 1st Class was a pin-backed medal worn on the pocket of the tunic. Germany — Interwar. Germany — WW2. The War Merit Cross. Country : Germany.
Materials It was constructed from a wide range of materials, from zinc with a bronzed wash to a few very rare bronze pieces. Explore More German Medals. Explore More Medals from the Interwars Period.